老雪貂的特殊需要

American ferrets have an average life span on 5 to 7 years. Ferrets start to show old age or geriatric problems after they are about 3 years of age. We feel that this is a good time to recommend some extra veterinary care as well as special home care to try to catch disease problems early, 所以它们可以被消除或治疗. 通过这个"老年医学项目", 正如bet356唯一官网登录所说的, we have been able to prolong life in many pets in a quality manner.
 

家庭护理

The pads of the feet in older ferrets may become hard and dry and develop little horny 增生. A small amount of Vitamin E cream or oil or Vaseline rubbed on the pads daily will help to keep them soft and remove excess tissue.

Older ferrets like to sleep for longer periods, so be sure they have a cozy spot to do so in. Please respect that they need more sleep and don’t make them play when they don’t want to. However, if you should notice a sudden change in sleep habits that seems unusual, please contract us.

The hair coat may become drier and more brittle with age. Some diseases can contribute to this, but aging can also cause it. Don’t bathe your pet frequently, as this may strip the natural skin oils and worsen the condition. 尽可能少地给宠物洗澡, but no more than once a month (unless you have medical directions to do otherwise,),并使用温和的宠物洗发水. You may also use special preparations to add moisture back to the skin, such as emollient sprays (Comfi-Spray is a good choice), 就在洗完澡后或洗完澡之间. Using a fatty acid supplement, such as Linotone or Ferotone, can also be very helpful. 使用1/8茶匙. 每只雪貂每天上的食物. 如果你注意到脱发, 皮肤的变化, 增生, or excessive scratching please have your pet examined by us.

Older ferrets may have less control over their bladder and bowels as they age. So make sure that the litter box or papers are easily available. Put out a few extras if they roam around so they won’t have far to go to the bathroom.

Senior citizens may become weak in the hind legs for a variety of reasons, so make sure that they can easily get in and out of their cages and litter boxes. 使用坡道,如果需要帮助他们. Any sudden or unusual weakness or loss of balance should, of course, be brought to our attention.

We generally recommend changing your ferret to a lower protein high quality adult cat food or maintenance diet after the age of five. 这样可以减轻肾脏的压力. The change over can be gradual by mixing the original kitten formula with the adult formula several days. Ferrets will usually convert if you use the same brand of food.

Use a cat hairball laxative at least once a week to prevent the formation of hairballs in the stomach. 使用大约1英寸的管子. Brushing your pet will also help to cut down on the amount of hair swallowed.

Make sure that food and water are always available. Going without food for too long could cause the onset of severe symptoms if your pet is dealing with a blood sugar disorder or kidney disease.

兽医护理

More frequent checkups are recommended, which include a thorough physical exam. We recommend that this be done every six months. Ferrets develop disease rapidly; especially cancer, 肾脏和心脏疾病, and waiting an entire year between visits could prevent the early detection and management of these diseases.

Starting at three years of age, we prefer some additional laboratory work be done. 在健康的动物身上, we recommend a complete blood cell count (CBC) and fasting blood glucose as the minimum work-up (a ‘mini’ geriatric). The pet should be fasted 4 to no more than 6 hours prior to the blood tests taken. The routine laboratory work should be done at least once a year.

We may also wish to do additional laboratory work such as a blood chemistry profile and/or an X-ray for additional information, particularly if your pet is exhibiting signs of illness. 做x光bet356平台可能需要镇静. We use extremely safe tranquilizers on our ferret patients, this eliminates the stress the pet may feel with these procedures.

7岁以后, diagnostic testing may have to be done every 6 months along with a semiannual exam. These laboratory workups have been INVALUABLE in detecting many disease early and thus facilitating treatment.

Please keep up with the annual canine distemper vaccination. The older ferrets can contract distemper just as easily as the youngsters can.

Heartworm preventive should also be continued if you’re pet is kept outdoors or is taken outdoors frequently in the spring and summer.

Tartar can be cleaned off the teeth easily when the animal is anesthetized with isoflurane for any reason. 这样可以防止牙龈和牙齿疾病.

不幸的是, neoplasia (cancer) is the most common cause of disease and death in the older American Ferret. We estimate that well over 75% of all ferrets in our area will develop some form of cancer in their lifetime. The only way to combat all forms of cancer is with early detection and appropriate therapy. We must emphasize the EARLY detection is the key, which emphasizes the need for frequent exams and laboratory work.

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