Arthritis Management

It is never easy to see a beloved pet and friend in pain. 在过去的几年中,由于几种新药和补剂的引进和批准,关节炎的医学治疗有了很大的改善. 虽然目前还没有治愈这种使人衰弱的疾病的方法, there is much you can do to control the pain, make your pet comfortable, and perhaps slow down the progression of the symptoms. 最好的结果来自由几种不同治疗组成的多模式治疗.
 

Weight Management

Weight management is the first thing that must be addressed. 如果动物不超重,所有的外科手术和医疗程序将会工作得更好. Considering that up to half of the pets in the U.S. are overweight, bet356唯一官网登录看到的许多患有退行性关节疾病的狗和猫很有可能也超重. 让你的宠物降至他/她建议的体重,并保持在这个水平可能是客户能为宠物做的最重要的事情. 这可能是治疗中最困难的部分,但很值得. Very few dogs or cats can drive to McDonalds, work a can opener, or open the refrigerator, so you, the owner, are controlling what your pet eats. If you feed your dog or cat less, they will lose weight.
 

Exercise

Exercise is the next important step. bet356唯一官网登录在这里要做的是限制运动量, 但仍然保持适当的运动来增加或维持肌肉力量. 年轻、活跃的宠物需要被限制在狗链上行走. 游泳是狗保持肌肉质量的好方法, but place minimal stress on the joints. 年龄较大的狗也应该较少地参与这些活动. Jumping in all forms is bad for dogs and cats with arthritis. 当看着狗玩飞盘或猫跳上一个玩具的线是非常愉快和有趣的, remember that it is very hard on their joints. It is important to exercise daily; only exercising on weekends, for instance, 如果病人在接下来的一周都疼痛难忍,甚至不愿活动,可能会弊大于利吗.
 

Provide Warmth and Good Sleeping Areas

When it is very cold, slip a sweater on your dog. Arthritis tends to worsen in cold, damp weather. A pet sweater will help keep joints warmer. 你也可以考虑让家里的温度变暖一点. Thankfully oil prices have come down some.

Provide a firm, orthopedic foam bed for both dogs and cats. 床的圆顶形状,骨科泡沫均匀分布的重量和减少压力的关节. They are also much easier to get out of. Place the bed in a warm spot away from drafts. Next to a heat register is best.
 

Massage

按摩患关节炎的关节周围的肌肉可以帮助放松僵硬的肌肉,促进关节的良好活动范围. 记住,你的狗或猫很痛苦,所以慢慢开始,建立信任. 从抚摸部位开始,逐渐用指尖轻轻揉捏关节周围的肌肉, circular motion. Gradually work your way out to the surrounding muscles. Moist heat is also beneficial. A water bottle works best.
 

Make Daily Activities Less Painful

对于患有关节炎的宠物来说,上下楼梯通常是困难的,而且会使外出排尿变得非常困难. A ramp will help your dog get in and out of the house or car.

较大品种的狗尤其可以从提升它们的食物和水碗中获益. 升高的喂食器使患关节炎的宠物进食和饮水更加舒适, particularly if there is stiffness in the neck or back.

Medications:
 

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

有许多非甾体抗炎药被开发出来用于患有骨关节炎的狗和猫. 它们是处方药,因为有潜在的副作用, 必须严格遵守剂量和频率, especially in cats. bet356唯一官网登录建议所有每天服用这些药物的患者每6个月进行一次血液bet356平台. 通常,当关节补充剂在体内达到预期水平(通常是6周)后,这些剂量可以减少.人类的药物,如泰诺或布洛芬,不应该给狗或猫.
 

Other Pain Relievers

当抗炎药物不能充分控制疼痛时,也可以使用其他药物. 这些药物以不同的方式缓解疼痛,可以与消炎药一起使用. Some examples are tramadol, amantadine, and hydrocodone.

Supplements:
关节补剂不是处方药,但它们通常可以极大地改善活动能力,减缓关节炎的进展.
 

Glucosamine and Chondroitin

葡萄糖胺和软骨素增强软骨的形成和保护,并抑制在关节中倾向于破坏软骨的酶. They also give the cartilage-forming cells (chondrocytes), 它们需要合成新的软骨来修复受损的软骨. These products are not painkillers; they work by actually healing the damage that has been done. 这些产品通常需要至少6周的时间来开始愈合软骨,大多数动物将需要在他们的余生中维持这些产品,以防止进一步的软骨破裂. Because these products are naturally-occurring compounds, they are very safe to use and show very few side effects. 市场上有许多不同的葡萄糖胺/软骨素产品, but they are not all created equal. bet356唯一官网登录已经看到了最好的结果和最少的副作用,产品含有纯成分,在人类的质量等级. bet356唯一官网登录的医生已经看到了Cosequin, Dasuquin和NuCat的显著效果.
 

Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan (Adequan)

Adequan is a product that is administered in an injection. 连续拍摄几周,通常都有良好的效果. 对一些车主来说,每周注射的费用和不便是一个障碍, 特别是口服氨基葡萄糖产品如此有效. 该产品有助于防止软骨破裂,并可能有助于合成新的软骨. 推荐使用口服葡萄糖胺/软骨素或注射适足剂,但不要同时使用.
 

Fatty Acids

Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids(Docosahexaenoic acid/DHA & 二十碳五烯酸/EPA)已被证明可以通过减少体内炎症来改善关节健康. 研究还表明,欧米茄脂肪酸有助于防止衰老 & brain ageing in dogs and cats.

Helpful Articles

Services

Learn More

Request an ​​​​​Appointment

Contact Us